Background music improves experience of Covid-19 vaccination for citizens and vaccination staff - a pilot study.


  • Stine Lindahl Jacobsen Associate Professor, Aalborg University
  • Bolette Daniels Beck Associate Professor, Aalborg University
  • Charlotte Lindvang



Background Music, Covid-19 vaccine, staff well-being, patient well-being, sound environment


The Covid-19 pandemic has caused elevated levels of stress, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress. Health care staff daily deal with varying degrees of agitation and anxiety which requires perseverance and a high degree of motivation and concentration. This study aimed to meet such diverse challenges by supporting citizens and staff through Covid-19 vaccine procedures in Spring 2021 using background music. A curated playlist was developed in collaboration with health care staff and medical staff. Observation data was collected on three days with music and on three days without music with a total of 699 citizens and 39 employees participating. Analysis of data indicated how background music in connection with vaccination may have a positive effect on citizens and staff, especially in terms of citizen experience of waiting time, of mood, of sound environment in the vaccination hall, as well as staff experience of contact with citizens and of cooperation with colleagues. Implementing curated playlists requires professional expertise to maximize potential benefits, as background music also can have negative effects. The involvement of staff is essential in addressing ethical aspect, as they need to be fully informed about background music and its appropriate usage.

Author Biographies

Stine Lindahl Jacobsen, Associate Professor, Aalborg University

Stine Lindahl Jacobsen, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Aalborg University, Denmark. She is head of Arts, Health & Technology Study Board as well as head of Music Therapy Research Group, head of Arts and Health in Danish Northern Region, co-founder and host of International Music Therapy Assessment Consortium, and co-founder of  Arts, Health and Humanities Research Cluster at Aalborg University. Jacobsen has developed Assessment of Parent-Child Interaction (APCI) and trains music therapists and other professions in this method internationally. Her clinical & research areas mainly include families at risk, child protection, arts and health, effect studies  and music therapy assessment and she has published several books and chapter within these areas internationally.


Bolette Daniels Beck, Associate Professor, Aalborg University

Associate Professor, Aalborg University

Charlotte Lindvang

Associate Professor, Aalborg University





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