Development of the Caregiver Confidence using Music Scale




Music serves as an important tool to improve the health and wellness of individuals in healthcare settings. In times of high caregiver burnout, therapeutic outlets such as music for care receivers and providers are becoming increasingly important. This paper presents the first iteration of the Caregiver Confidence using Music Scale (CCuMS), an assessment tool designed to evaluate caregivers’ readiness to adopt music care. Music care is defined as the informed and intentional use of music by anyone to improve the quality of care. The CCuMS was derived from a hierarchical cluster analysis of the Music Care Training program’s Level 1 post-evaluation survey (Post-MCTL1). Thematic interpretation of the statistical outputs from the cluster analysis was completed, resulting in the first iteration of the CCuMS. Initial validation methods that were feasible with current data were conducted. Specifically, face validity, content validity and convergent validity were calculated using Pearson correlations. The CCuMS shows promise as a measurement tool for use in healthcare settings due to the moderate correlation between the Post-MCTL1 and the CCuMS scale (r=0.524), and the strong correlation between the music care training thematic questionnaire and the CCuMS (r=0.970).

Author Biographies

David Kim, McMaster University LIVELab McMaster

David Kim is an undergraduate student in the Honors Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc) program at McMaster University.

Brandon Ruan, McMaster University McMaster program for Education Research, Innovation, and Theory (MERIT)

Brandon Ruan is a graduate of the Honors Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc) program at McMaster University, Canada.

Lee Bartel, University of Toronto

Lee Bartel, PhD, is Professor Emeritus, former Associate Dean of Research, and Founding Director of the Music and Health Research Collaboratory (MaHRC) at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto. 

Bev Foster, Room 217 Foundation

Bev Foster is Founder and Executive Director of the Room 217 Foundation, a health arts organization focused on music in care.

Chelsea Mackinnon, McMaster University Room 217 Foundation

Chelsea Mackinnon is a Sessional Instructor in music and health at McMaster University and the former Education and Research Manager at the Room 217 Foundation.


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