A Comparison of the Effects of Music Therapy Interventions on Depression, Anxiety, Anger, and Stress on Alcohol-Dependent Clients: A Pilot Study


  • Eun-Young Hwang PhD
  • Sun-Hwa Oh MA




The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate and short-term effects of 3 different types of music therapy interven- tions on the levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and stress in clients with alcohol dependence. Thirty-six male clients participated in 30-minute music therapy sessions twice a week over a period of 6 weeks. The music therapy program was comprised of singing, music listening, and playing instruments. Each activity was conducted for 2 weeks and for 4 sessions. A repeated measures pretest–posttest design was used. An analysis of variance indicated no statistically significant differences in the effects of the 3 types of music therapy interventions on the levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and stress; however, participants’ scores in depression, anxiety, anger, and stress were significantly reduced after participating in the music therapy sessions. In the singing activity, significant differences in depression and stress levels were found between participant-selected songs and therapist-selected songs.

Author Biographies

Eun-Young Hwang, PhD

Eun-Young Hwang, PhD, is a visiting professor of Graduate School of Music Therapy at Sookmyung Women’s University in Seoul, Korea.

Sun-Hwa Oh, MA

Sun-Hwa Oh, MA, has completed doctoral studies at Sookmyung Women’s University and is a music therapist at Seoul Metropolitan Eunpyeong Hospital in Korea.




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