Music Therapy and Procedural Support: Opportunities for Practice


  • Laura E Beer Marylhurst University
  • Kathrine V Lee Marylhurst University



The use of music therapy for procedural support is an area of increasing interest yet has little research supporting it as an evidence-based practice.  Throughout this article there is an emphasis on the use of music therapy in the pediatric hospital setting, but not exclusively.  Procedural support is becoming a commonplace term in music therapy yet there is little information to unify the variety of techniques and practices involved in this particular approach to treatment. This article surveys current literature regarding procedural support, including music therapy supports, child life supports, and medical supports.   Definitions of terms are offered and a working definition of procedural support is proposed.  

Author Biographies

Laura E Beer, Marylhurst University

Associate Professor & Program Director of Music Therapy at Marylhurst University; Chair of Counseling & Creative Therapies Department

Kathrine V Lee, Marylhurst University

Music Therapy Intern at St. Luke's Hospital in Boise, Idaho


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